Archive for July, 2009

Real-time ECG-generator

July 28th, 2009 by Ivan Lakhturov | 0 Category: Programming | Tags:

Some years ago I accomplished a project of the real-time ECG-generator (the text is in Russian) for Spectromed-UA. I wrote a soft part in Delphi, and another guy dealt with an electronics part.

The device is connected to PC and sends out a signal via LPT to a DAC outside. A signal could be rectangular (meander), sinusoidal and ECG-like. (ECG is the electrocardiogram by the way). The 'heartbeat' of the latest one can be modulated in time. A subprogram to play out real ECG was included. Some noise modulation was included as well.

That was designed to test cardio-analyzers and similar devices. Small and neat project, as I remember. There was no support for the most pathological arrhythmias, however.

Speed dial in Opera 10.0

July 8th, 2009 by Ivan Lakhturov | 0 Category: Linux | Tags:

Opera 10 beta hits portages with its customizable speed dial feature. As for me, that could be better.

Why not to customize the grid of speed dial in such a way that a user can choose independently x-y size, with discretization 1 column-row? With my usual portrait display mode all the cells are concentrated in the center of a screen.

Something has to be done with shortcuts Ctrl+digit. Nine shortcuts are not enough for 25 cells anymore. I think that could be something like Ctrl+0, [switched to speed dial mode], digit, digit [i.e. up to 99 choices].

A hundred of those tabs should be ok, as for me.

I filed this bugreport them (reference email DSK-258394 at

All subsets of a set

July 2nd, 2009 by Ivan Lakhturov | 3 comments Category: Programming | Tags: |

As I already posted in Scheme, a function computing all subsets of a set would be:

  1. #!r6rs
  2. (import (rnrs))
  4. (define (subsets set)
  5.   (define (recursion set rest) (if (null? set) (list rest)
  6.                                    (let ([head (car set)] [tail (cdr set)])
  7.                                      (append (recursion tail rest) (recursion tail (cons head rest))))))
  8.   (recursion set '()))
  10. (display (subsets '(a b c d)))

The same in Haskell:

  1. s = "abcd"
  3. subsets s = ssets (s) []
  4. ssets [] r = [reverse(r)]
  5. ssets (x:xx) r = ssets xx r ++ ssets xx (x:r)
  7. main = do
  8.         putStrLn " Set: "
  9.         print s
  11.         putStrLn " Subsets: "
  12.         print (subsets s)

For imperative languages I'd rather prefer bitwise approach. Here is in C#:

  1. using System;
  3. namespace Subsets
  4. {
  5.     class Program
  6.     {
  7.         static void Main()
  8.         {
  9.             string elements = "abcd";
  10.             for (ulong i = 0; i < Math.Pow(2, elements.Length); i++)
  11.             {
  12.                 ulong set = i;
  13.                 for (int j = 0; j < elements.Length; j++, set >>= 1)
  14.                     if ((set & 0x01) == 1)
  15.                         Console.Write(elements[j]);
  16.                 Console.WriteLine();
  17.             }
  18.         }
  19.     }
  20. }